University of Texas professor Dr. Anil Sood teaches in the gynecologic oncology and reproductive medicine department for the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. An award-winning educator and researcher, Dr. Anil Sood holds several patents for his research.
A woman’s likelihood of developing ovarian cancer stems from environmental and genetic factors. While exposure to some causes can be reduced, women with high-risk profiles should consider screening after the age of 35.
The genetic component of ovarian cancer is linked to an abnormality known as BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. This mutation is most commonly found in people of Eastern European or Ashkenazi descent, and 30 percent of women carrying this gene will develop ovarian cancer by the age of 70. Women with a strong family history of genetic cancers can work with a genetic counselor to screen for BRCA mutations.
The environmental risk factors for ovarian cancer are not fully understood. Studies show that exposure to cigarette smoke, certain pesticides, and talc powder may be a risk factor for ovarian cancer. Some of the protective factors include oral contraceptives, and breastfeeding.
American Association for Cancer Research
An accomplished clinical researcher and medical educator, Dr. Anil Sood brings more than two decades of experience to his position as a professor at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. An active member of the field, Dr. Anil Sood belong to numerous professional groups and organizations, including the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR).
Founded more than 100 years ago by a group of 11 scientists and medical professionals, AACR has emerged as one of the world’s leading organizations dedicated specifically to cancer research. The association serves more than 35,000 members around the world through a range of educational initiatives, collaborative opportunities, and regional and national conferences. To ensure AACR members from all backgrounds are able to attend these conferences, the organization maintains a travel grant program.
Grants from the program fall into several general categories. AACR Scholar-in-Training and Undergraduate Scholar Awards are available to student and emerging scientists and researchers who are presenting papers at regional or national AACR conferences, while the Women in Cancer Research Scholar Awards fund women researchers presenting papers at these events.
AACR maintains a range of awards for minority researchers, as well. In addition to the Minority Scholar Cancer Research Awards, the organization offers Faculty Scholar Awards for minority faculty members or faculty members from primarily minority-serving institutions. AACR also maintains a separate grant program for cancer researchers from African countries.
Dr. Anil Sood is a respected Houston cancer researcher who has served on the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center faculty for 16 years and is director of the Blanton-Davis Ovarian Cancer Research Program. Among Dr. Anil Sood’s areas of extensive research is mechanisms of cancer metastasis.
Metastatic breast cancer involves cancerous cells breaking free from the initial breast tumor and migrating via blood vessels or the lymphatic system. The latter system comprises vessels and nodes, fulfilling the vital function of removing viruses and bacteria as well as waste produced by cells.
Unfortunately, the lymphatic system can be a conduit for cancerous cells to remain within the body for years after the disease is initially diagnosed and treated. Approximately one third of women who are treated for early-stage breast cancer will go on to develop the metastatic form of the disease. Regions to which breast cancer often spreads include the brain, lung, and liver, with each location presenting distinct symptoms. It can also spread to bones.